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Facts about the iPhone and iPhone screen repair

Over 8 years iPhone has provided an exceptionally good services. All the aspects of using an iPhone has an air of superiority but there is something that is different about its screen. Due to the exceptionally superior screen, iPhone repair needs to be done carefully. When it comes to Mobile phone repairs especially of iPhone screen then you need to have knowledge about certain facts about the iPhone screen. Having a Retina Display and ranging from $45 onwards the display of iPhone is really very costly. The display of an iPhone is composed of oleo phobic coating. The special property of this coating is that it repels oil. Therefore, you need to handle the display really with care so that you do not damage it. All these facts cause you to learn tips to avoid iPhone screen repair.

In case you need to clean the display of your phone, follow the given steps. Firstly, unplug the phone and then switch it off. Wipe away the fingerprints that are lying on the screen of the iPhone. You can do this with the help of microfiber cloth. Use this cloth to carefully clean the screen. Start from the top and then arrive at the bottom, thoroughly cleaning it. Remove all the fingerprints that you see on the screen. Do it in a circular motion by gently rubbing it and get rid of all the substances that you see on it. Take care that you do not press the screen too hard as it might result in removal of some of the oleo phobic coating. In case of sticky substances, you can rinse the cloth with water, squeezing and dampening the cloth. Keep in mind that excessive water can have an adverse impact on the screen. Also, do not allow the moisture to sit on screen for a long time. Immediately after this, clean it with the dry cloth.

The material used to make the screen of an iPhone is the gorilla glass that is very strong and at the same time it is resistant to stress. The Gorilla glass so used has greater capacity to retain in comparison to the others. One of the most expensive things related to the iPhone is the replacement of the iPhone screen. The original LCD screen of iPhone is hard to differentiate from those that are the imitations. OEM quality in iPhone screen is the one factor that differentiates it from the other. In order to recognize which of the display is OEM you should know certain things. OEM display have protector that are purple backlight protector. It also has line on the LCD flex that is yellow in colour in addition to the LCD flex cable having a sticker on it. Besides, the other features are the 2D code found on upper front of screen with clarity and the clear Digitizer screen flex cable having the apple mark. You will find the Earpiece Mesh as well as the holder of front camera installed.

The author has a keen interest and knowledge about the gadgets. The leisure activity remains getting a better insight into the spare parts of the repair dealings especially Iphone screen repair . In general, Mobile phone repairs always remains the topic of interest.

Advantages of Mobile Phone Repairs Sydney

Mobile phone repairs Sydney has several advantages to offer to you. This is the reason that why most of the people go in for it. Not only are there umpteen advantages but at the same time you have plethora of choices.

To highlight advantages of Mobile phone repairs Sydney are as follows

1. Qualified professionals having experience

When it comes to IPhone repairs Sydney, you need the highly qualified staff. The experienced staff that you get here gives you no reason to panic before you hand over the device to them. It is not an easy task to repair the thing that is facing a dysfunction. In order to totally get rid of the problem, once and for all, you need an expert who has an experience in dealing the same. Otherwise there is always a threat to your device of further distortion.

2. Self-employed technicians

In case you have certain preferences as to whom you want to entrust the responsibility then this is the place where you get it. If you feel that there is certain employee that has the capacity to serve you well or else one who you find more comfortable to talk to then you can go in for selecting the services of that person. Unless and until you are not comfortable letting the other one know where the problem actually lies, nothing much can be done about the same. Communication is the key to get the problem solved.

3. Resources

The best and the most required thing to go in for repair is the availability of the resources. You can remain stress free as here there are all the things readily available. Be it the expertise or the infrastructure, there is nothing that will disappoint you. One thing that you must keep in mind when you arrive to get your phone repaired is that you thoroughly analyse the silks and the resources of the store at the first glance. It might not give you an accurate picture but will surely let you have an insight into the same.

4. Assurance regarding the long run functionality of the device

The only intention of yours to get the device repaired is that it works well in the long run. There is no point that the device gets working at the store while the person gives the demo but as soon as you are home or within the few days you face the same problem again. Such condition is avoidable with cent percent surety only here at mobile phone repair in Sydney. If you go in for getting the phone repaired here, then you are not incurring an expenditure but you are making an investment.

All in all, when you get all this at one place then there is no need to have a doubt in mind. There is nothing more than a qualified person having an experience that counts resolving the issue with your phone and at the same time assuring you that the phone would work perfectly well and like before.

The author is an expert at analysing the different repair centres of the phones especially the Mobile phone repairs Sydney . In the spare time, the author spends time analysing the pros and cons of the various operating systems and the tentative problems that one might face using different types of OS, especially Iphone repairs Sydney.

Role Of The Index Company And Generation Of Dividend Index

There are many roles that an Index company is supposed to play. First and foremost, it has in hand the task to connect the start -ups and align the corporate brands and those interested to invest together. It acts as a common platform for these three essentials of growth. Here the data of millions of corporations is availed and made productive. The data so organized is then used to accelerate the development of the economy by boosting the innovation. Not even a day is wasted and all the time of the world is effectively utilized in order to get the three factors together and undertake innovations on a completely different level. In addition to this, another task in hand is to make an appropriate use of the machine learning. Next, comes the proper application of matching algorithms. Not to forget, it needs to effectively deal with the essence of human brilliance also. These three elements are evidently vital when it comes to making innovations possible.

All of this has to be done with one motive of getting the innovation on the forefront to make all the factors share a common platform so as to generate Dividend Index. Both the online as well as offline methodologies are followed in order to get the work done that is required to accelerate the innovation for the holistic growth of the economy. If you are new in the economy and need to grow at a pacing scale then here you get the platform to form the desired connections with the corporate brands. Doing so will not only help you to raise the required funds as lucid but at the same time you can closely observe the activities of the competitors around you. Last but not least, you get an opportunity to tie up a partnership and associate with the corporate brands. You also get noticed by the others as an aftermath of your activity in the economy.

It is a noteworthy aspect that those Companies which are in the habit of paying the dividends on the regular basis tend to earn more revenue and enough cash flow over a longer period of time. It is believed by many that only those companies which are established are able to pay the dividends. However, this is not always the case. The reason being, that those that have the availability of cash on the balance sheet are also capable to pay dividends. The only difference is that, the new comers tend to further invest the cash flow whereas the established ones share it with the shareholders which makes them more favourable among the aged bar that has a high risk profile. To name a few, Dow Jones U.S. Select Dividend Index dating back its origin to 2003, ProShares S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats Index, NASDAQ U.S. Dividend Achievers Select Index that can be traced back to 2000 and S&P Global Dividends Opportunity Index are the top 4 Indexes for Dividends that are popular.

The author is an expert of Index company . At times when the author is able to spare time from the study of Dividend Index , the time is appropriately utilized in understanding the depths of innovations. Innovative ideas crop up in the mind without having to put in much of efforts.

Will Trump’s new Afghan policy be a game changer

Although the new policy on drone strikes in Af-Pak has not been revealed, the big question is: Will Trump authorise drone strikes against Pakistan’s ‘good terrorists’ or will he act no different from Bush and Obama?

US President Donald Trump’s Fort Myer speech was the ultimate on India coming out of the cold in Afghanistan. The US had always looked at India in Afghanistan through Pakistan’s prism. Although the new policy on drone strikes in Af-Pak has not been revealed, and if it is what Commanders have sought, it could be a game-changer.

According to the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), drone strikes in Pakistan were a part of the global war on terrorism – 424 strikes killing 2,489-3,919 terrorists; 423 to 946 civilians and 239 to 319 children. These included decapitating strikes against terrorist leadership. Strikes commenced in June 2004 and the last was recorded on July 3. After 9/11, the US passed a legislation, the Authorisation for Use of Military Force (AUMF) – to use all necessary and appropriate force in pursuit of those responsible for terrorist attacks against the US (and its citizens). In Pakistan, the US was targeting the Al Qaeda, the Taliban and the Haqqanis.

The rules of engagement (ROE) and command and control were clear. The target area had to be declared war zone/area of active hostilities. Pakistan fell under neither. A tacit understanding between General Pervez Musharraf and the US Generals allowed drone strikes in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Initially, the drone bases were inside Pakistan but after the Osama bin Laden episode, they shifted to Afghanistan. When strikes were outside, in designated zones or entailed civilian casualties, for both, certification was required by highest military commander (in some cases the President himself) that the target posed imminent threat to the US and benefits from the strikes would be more than the risk of civilian casualties. Bulk of the US strikes outside recognised war zones, like Pakistan, were conducted by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). In Pakistan, all strikes outside the FATA were authorised by the President.

The Trump Administration has given more autonomy to the CIA and the military; and has reversed Obama policy to get the CIA out of drone strikes. A transactional Trump has asked questions like “while helping Pakistan to fight terrorists – with US Coalition Support Fund and drone strikes – what is the payback”? That is why US Senators have frequently said, “We are paying Pakistan to have our soldiers killed in Afghanistan by terrorists like the Al Qaeda, the Taliban and the Haqqanis (who have sanctuaries on Pakistan soil)”. Pakistan has frequently said that these camps are inside Afghanistan and not on Pakistan territory. But Afghanistan National Security Advisor Hanif Atmar claimed that he had the coordinates of all the 32 enemy training camps in Pakistan. If the ROE is to change, Trump will have to authorise drone strikes beyond the tacitly agreed area of the FATA. Former US President Barack Obama had authorised three to four strikes, including the one on May 21, 2016, which took out Taliban supremo Akhtar Mansour on the Balochistan border and was the first strike conducted by the

military in Afghanistan.

Since taking over, Trump has authorised at least two strikes in the ‘no go’ area on March 2 and June 13 against Qari Abdullah, an Afghan Taliban commander and Abu Bakar Haqqani, a Haqqani commander in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It will be instructive to look at the statistics of drone strikes in Pakistan. The BOI records that the first strike in Pakistan was ordered by President George W Bush in June 2004. Between 2004-09, an aggregate of 51 drone strikes was

conducted. When Obama took over, he took to drones as ducks to water. In his first term in 2009 alone, he had authorised 52 strikes, one more than Bush had used in four years. The strikes followed an interesting trajectory: Doubling to 128 strikes in 2010 and then steadily declining each year from 75 in 2011 to just three in 2016. Few know why.

The casualty figures show wide margins and the reasons are not clear. It is clear that drone strikes played a crucial role in reducing the terror attacks in Pakistan. Except in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan is virtually free of terrorist attacks by the Pakistan Taliban as their sanctuaries are now in Afghanistan.

The legal justification for drone strikes was strongly defended by the Obama regime. Peacetime assassinations, which are conflated with targeted killings, have been banned by the US since 1976. 9/11 changed the rules with the AUMF. The United Nations Special Report on Targeted Killings defines it as: “Premeditated acts of lethal force employed by states in peace and unarmed conflict to eliminate specified individuals outside their custody”.

Employment by intelligence or Armed Forces of cruise missiles, drones (stand-off) is legally justified by Article 51 of the UN Charter – Right to Self Defence. The US says it is in a state of armed conflict with the Al Qaeda and its affiliates. Bulk of drone strikes executed outside war zones were by the CIA, whereas in declared areas of hostility, it is by the military.

Good Kill ironically is the name of a film which illustrates employment of drone strikes in Pakistan’s FATA conducted from CIA’s headquarters of Langley in Virginia. The film illustrates the dilemma of drone controllers with hands on the joystick who are not part of the United States Air Force. Some ask: “Why do we wear flying suits and query about their legal protection”? One cannot miss terms like ‘fly and fry’, ‘permission to prosecute (engage)’, ‘weapons hot’, ‘rifle (fire)’, ‘splash (hit)’. One of the drone controllers has turned into an alcoholic and dismissed for dereliction of duty, including saying “it is not a just war”.

Besides the statistics of drone strikes, their strategic decryption would show the following: The strikes bore limited deterrence. They were useful in taking out the Pakistan Taliban and few Haqqanis and were significant in reducing terrorist numbers and violence. Only three to four or five to six were conducted outside ‘agreed areas’. After the June 13 strike in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Army Chief, General Qamar Bajwa called

for intelligence sharing and said, “Unilateral action like drone strikes was counterproductive and against the spirit of cooperation”.

US drone strikes in Pakistan have had no effect on the US war in Afghanistan. Why have drone strikes not targeted the Taliban and the Haqqanis during Bush and Obama eras even after the US declaring that it was in armed conflict with the Al Qaeda and its affiliates – the Taliban and the Haqqanis? As Trump likes to say, billions and billions of dollars have been spent in Afghanistan, but US stand-off attacks have not targeted the two terrorist groups who have killed nearly 3,000 US soldiers in Afghanistan. The billion dollar question is: After his dressing down of Pakistan, will Trump authorise drone strikes against Pakistan’s ‘good terrorists’ or will he act no different from Bush and Obama? Even US fears Pakistan nukes.

Will Trump’s new Afghan policy be a game changer – Ashok K Mehta is a retired Lt General of the Indian Army. He writes extensively on defence matters. this Article is about international news for more visit :

Moral disintegration of a neighbourhood nation

Pakistan is passing from a difficult phase. The all-dominant Army as well as the civilian leadership should chalk out a comprehensive plan so that the country remains united and overcomes its multifarious problems

Pakistan, which was created 70 years back, was bisected when a new nation, Bangladesh emerged. However, the all-dominant Army and thoroughly corrupt political leadership over there have not taken lessons from past blunders and at present, the country is facing multifarious tribulations which include secessionist agitations by various nationalities, increasing religious intolerance, population explosion, worsening economic situation, growing water crisis, civil and military confrontation, poor education system, escalating drug addiction, rampant corruption as well as isolation in the international arena. These are only a few major issues and the list can include several more significant problems faced by the ailing country.

Pakistan was created on the name of Islam and it was the main adjoining factor of diverse nationalities that joined the new-born nation but Islamic extremists killed, converted or subdued the minorities. Hence, Islam ceased to be an adhesive factor. Punjab, being the most populous State, soon captured power and started exploiting abundant resources of the country and subjugated all other nationalities. In the 1970 general election, the Bangladesh Awami League emerged as the single largest party but the Punjabi-dominated Army refused to hand over power to Sheikh Mujeebur Rehman and the country faced its first partition.

Balochistan, which is the largest Province of Pakistan, and possess copious mineral resources, is the poorest State in the country. Balochis are fighting for independence of the State and there were several uprisings. The Pakistan Army, which is known for its brutality, killed innocent people and bombarded civilian areas but atrocities could not break the resolve of the Balochis and the secessionist movement is still continuing.

Besides, Balochis, Sindhis, Pashtuns and Kashmiris want separate nations while Muhajirs, Saraikis, Chitralis, Hindkowans assert that the federal Government is exploiting them and they want more autonomy. Pakistan, instead of blaming India should give equal rights to their diverse nationalities otherwise the country may have to undergo the trauma of more partitions.

General Zia-ul-Haq with ulterior motive radicalised the country to gain support of Islamic extremists. He created an infrastructure to produce Islamic fanatics and jihadists to fight in Afghanistan and in India. Few Middle East countries pumped money which augmented Wahhabism and it increased animosity between the Shias and the Sunnis. Sunni extremist outfits like the Sipah-e-Sahaba, the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat started massacre of the Shias. There are about 35 million Shias and they also constitute organisations like the Imamia Students Organisation and the Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan to take revenge from Sunnis. At present, Pakistan is undergoing a bitter sectarian war which is harmful for the country. The Islamic State, which is a Sunni terrorist outfit, is also recruiting young Pakistanis to kill the Shias and carryout terrorist activities.

Iran is recruiting young Shias from Pakistan to assist the forces of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria. These battles which hardened radicalised Shia youths will be a big danger to Pakistan once they return back from Syria.

The Pakistan Army, which has not allowed civilian institutions to grow, painted itself as the guardian of the country and claimed that India wants to destroy Pakistan, and, hence, the country needs powerful Armed Forces. The Army also propagated that it will take revenge of partition of the country and will snatch Kashmir from India. Hence, the Army needs more funds. In this way, the defence forces took a lion’s share of the scarce resources which further damaged the economy.

Senior officers of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) were involved in drug smuggling in the name of financing anti-India operations but as hefty sums were involved, lot of drugs were sold within the country and it became one of the most drug addict nation.

Few terrorist outfits created by the ISI declined to obey the dictates of creepy ISI and the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which is an umbrella organisation of more than 13 terrorist groups, profess to fight against the Pakistani Government and it carried out several terrorist attacks in the country. The gravity of terrorism can be assessed by the fact that according to South Asia Terrorism Portal, from 2003 to 2017, more than 60,000 persons were killed because of terrorism in Pakistan.

The country is so thoroughly radicalised that it will be difficult to take it out from increasing extremism. Several anti-terrorist operations launched by security forces could not achieve the desired result, partially because security forces only want to eliminate ‘bad terrorists’ and partly because of resistance from powerful Islamic fraternity.

Pakistan is so engrossed in day-to-day problems that it has no time to sort out long term issues. There will be acute water shortage in 2025 and it will further damage the economy of the country as Pakistan’s agriculture is water dependent. Its main crops are cotton and sugarcane and both needs excessive water. Pakistan is not making any sincere efforts to conserve water and within few years the situation will be disastrous.

Pakistan’s population is increasing at the rate of more than two per cent, which is the highest in the region. According to 1951 census, West Pakistan had a population of 33.7 million, which became 194,931,848 in January this year. This unprecedented growth has shattered the economy of the country. At present, export is dwindling while imports are enhancing. The net public debt is more than Rs 18 trillion which is frightening. Pakistan’s foreign debt is Rs 6.14 trillion and it will need assistance either from the International Monetary Fund or China to repay its foreign debt in March 2018.

In the present era, technology is most important – developed countries are progressing only because of inventions and latest technology – while the backbone of Pakistan’s education system is madrassas and in these madrassas, semi literate teachers are producing jihadists instead of scientists, engineers and doctors. The present educational system if not improved soon may become a cause of collapse for the country.

Pakistan possesses nuclear warheads and there was always a danger that some international or national terrorist organisation may procure nuclear warheads by payment or by arousing jihadist feeling in some Pakistanis who have control over nuclear warheads.

In another worrisome development, Lashkar-e-Tayyeba chief Hafiz Mohammed Saeed launched a political party, namely the Milli Muslim League (MML) with full support of the ISI. MML had applied to the Election Commissioner (EC) for registration, although this time, the EC has rejected the application, but soon it will have to register the party under pressure from the Army. This time, Yaqub Sheikh is contesting election as an independent candidate. Analysts feel that in the beginning, terrorists may not succeed but later they can capture power and at that time whole nuclear arsenals will be under their command. It will be a scary situation.

Pakistan is also facing acute problems in the international arena and losing friends. Recently, the US put restrictions on the use of $255 million assistance and the ninth Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (Brics) summit in the joint declaration not only condemned terrorism but also named few terrorist organisations which are operating from Pakistan. Muslim countries are also not very helpful to Pakistan because of terrorism. Pakistan is passing from a difficult phase and the all-dominant Army as well as its civilian leadership should chalk out a comprehensive plan so that the country remains united and overcomes its multifarious problems.

Moral disintegration of a neighbourhood nation – Jai Kumar Verma is news publisher at Daily Pioneer. this Article is about international news for more visit :

Rahul at Berkeley A confused cacophony

Rahul Gandhi’s Berkeley speech, unlike Nehru’s, was a private affair. Bereft of an element of thought, he expressed his own state of mind and that of his party’s – lacking in direction and cohesion

Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s speech, delivered at the University of California, Berkeley, on October 31, 1949, was titled, ‘The age of crisis.’ One can’t help but express an interesting analogy and it is that the Congress, of which Nehru was once the patriarch, and which is now run by his puny and intellectually stunted descendents, is itself passing through its most acute ‘age of crisis.’

Nehru’s great grandson, who is not at all a chip off the old block, when he delivered a semblance of an address at the University of California, Berkeley last week, should have similarly titled his speech and qualified it thus: “The age of crisis – in the Congress and the role of the present Nehru-Gandhis.” Such a title and topic would have better enabled the audience in the university to understand how one of India’s principal political party is seeing rapid decimation due to its myopic, confused and uninspiring leadership and of how a number of challenges that India faces today is a result of decades of faulty planning, misdirected application of political thought and petty dynastism that the Congress under Nehru’s daughter, grandson, grand daughter-in-law and now great grandson brazenly promoted.

The point on the dynasty bit, Nehru’s great grandson accepted, but in his inimitably callow and confused style, displaying a deep and striking degree of thoughtlessness, he decided to exempt himself and his dynasty from promoting the scourge of dynastism and chose to castigate, instead, our collective psyche for being addicted to it. Had the audience in Berkeley, or at least the self-professed thinking ones among them, examined India today, they would have perceived how it has broken through the manacles of dynastism, of how it is led by leaders who have come up from the roots, from the soil through a ceaseless phase of struggle and toil among the people. This transformation is especially noteworthy because it has happened in the last three years, starting from the summer of 2014. This shift happened not because Nehru’s descendents and their courtiers had ordained it; it has happened and is happening inspite of them.

To return to Nehru’s speech, it was well organised – he was officially invited as the Prime Minister of India – was reflective, ruminative, philosophical and gave an insight into Nehru’s own state of mind, his quest – intellectual and political – and also gave some idea of the position that he wished India would eventually occupy in the comity of nations. On this occasion at least, Nehru did not lapse into lecturing and moralising, it was more of a public introspection of his quest, of India’s march after freedom and of the overall global geo-political situation post World War II. It is another matter that Nehru’s month-long trip to the US in 1949 achieved little in political and foreign policy terms, though it had generated interest and anticipation in the US Administration and among the intelligentsia alike.

Nehru spoke of how all his life he was “engaged in a quest of – the discovery of my own country – India” and how during the course of this life’s journey, he found much in his country that inspired him, much that interested him and much that made him “understand a little of what India was and is today” and yet, his quest continued, “India, with the weight of ages behind it and with its urges and desires in the present, has only been partially discovered by me and I am continually finding new facets of its many-sided personality that continually surprise me.”

Nehru argued that the aim of freedom was to free and to uplift the millions out of their burdens, “there was always an economic facet to our political struggle for freedom. We realised that there was no real freedom for those who suffered continually from want, and because there were millions who lacked the barest necessities of existence in India, we thought of freedom in terms of raising and bettering the lot of these people. Having achieved political freedom, it is our passionate desire to serve our people in this way and to remove the many burdens they have carried for generations past”.

Nehru’s descendents, however, were not as passionate about working out this second dimension of freedom – economic empowerment – as Prime Minister Narendra Modi is today. This section of Nehru’s speech directs one to Modi’s own exhortations today of liberating the millions of their burdens of marginalisation, exclusion and dependency. Nehru’s speech had its flashes of inspiration and makes for good reading even today.

In contrast, Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi’s speech was a confused cacophony. Bereft of the element of thought, full of random and disjointed expressions and arguments, Gandhi’s address – if it may be called one – essentially expressed his own state of mind and that of his party’s – lacking in direction, cohesion, and in intellectual quotient. What could have been utilised as an occasion to spell the Congress’ or the Opposition’s vision of India for the future, articulated in a cogent, civil and intellectual manner, actually degenerated into a rant by a mind that appeared to often plummet into the depths of despair, of mental trauma while displaying an ignorance of the spirit of India, of aspirational India and of its civilisational dimension. It displayed a mind which was occupied in trying to fish in the sand with his back turned to the vast sea.

That Gandhi had not yet discovered India, was nowhere near understanding its many dimensions, was evident from the cavalier manner in which he spoke of the people of India and commented on their mindsets and attitudes and went an extra mile to exonerate his party and family from the contribution they made to their plight. His refusal to condemn the many atrocities, especially the anti-Sikh pogrom, that took place under the Congress’ watch, often aided and fuelled by their cadres, manifested his arrogance, complacency and his incapacity for introspection and directional overhaul. That it was a stunted mind which spoke was evident when people in the audience were prevented from asking Gandhi questions while only crony intellectuals with set questions were given space.

Gandhi’s attacks on Prime Minister Modi, his immature rants against the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, his false narrative of an India under siege, have actually breached the golden rule of not carrying the baggage of domestic politics abroad, it is an act which needs to be, henceforth, responded to in kind at every occasion and opportunity.

The narrative in response must describe how Gandhi’s party landed India in a great mess, widened faultlines, left festering conflicts, engineered societal chasms, all for its political benefit and of how now, under leaders from the grassroots, that mess is sought to be addressed, to be rectified against great odds – in short how Congress under the Gandhis subverted India and how India under Narendra Modi is waging India’s second struggle for a many-fronted emancipation from that subversion.

Meanwhile let us be happy that Gandhi’s talk, unlike Nehru’s, was an entirely private affair, was attended largely by dissatisfied cronies who had points to score in India, the occasion prevented a free flow of thought and exchange and was more of a mannequin infested puppetry show. Rahul Gandhi’s address itself is already being buried in the dump-heap of history’s refuse.

Rahul at Berkeley A confused cacophony – Anirban Ganguly is news publisher at Daily Pioneer. this blog is about international news for more visit :

The Brazilian sojourn

I had a rare opportunity to visit Sao Paulo, Brazil, in South America, from August 13 to 21, my maiden trip to that country. Supported by the Reitaku University and Japan Foundation Sao Paulo Office, I was invited to deliver two lectures at Rio Branco Faculdades Integradas (on August 16), and the University of Sao Paulo (on August 18) to undergraduate and post-graduate students and faculty. The topics assigned for Rio Branco were the ‘Collective Self-defence and Constitutional Revision Debate in Japan’, and for the University of Sao Paulo, ‘Japan’s Declining Population and Demographic Challenges’. Unlike students in Japan, students in Brazil were inquisitive and raised some interesting questions.

Having travelled from Japan, I had some interest to understand the old connection between Brazil and Japan. Informal talks with some Brazilians of Japanese descent were revealing. There are about 1.5 million Brazilians of Japanese descent and mostly of third or fourth generations. Many had migrated during the early phase of the Meiji period and settled there. The other country in South America where a large number of Japanese migrants are settled is Peru. Though some of the third generation of Japanese descendants speak Japanese, most of the younger ones speak only Portuguese, Brazil’s national language, and have little knowledge about Japan.

Having grown up in the Brazilian cultural milieu and having been disconnected with a major part of Japanese culture, some educated Brazilians of the third generation shared their experiences, when they had the chance to visit Japan either as tourists or on business or for emotional connection, that they found it difficult to adjust with the traditional Japanese culture. Since they look the same being from the same race, they are often looked with suspicion by the native Japanese as their mannerisms and social etiquette or conduct of public life are based on Brazilian culture and therefore not in tune with Japanese culture. Since most are settled in their new settings in businesses or other professions, there is little incentive for them to return to Japan.

Brazil also finds special focus in the Japanese Government’s foreign policy. Sao Paulo was one of the first countries where the Japan Foundation’s overseas office was established in 1975, within three years of its founding. In order to deepen ties and expand Japan’s cultural presence, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs decided to open the Japan House to have major Japanese activities, such as exhibition hall, library, bank, theatre, restaurant, etc under one roof. Sao Paulo in Brazil was the first city where the Japan House was inaugurated in April 2017, with Los Angeles and London to follow soon. The building looked quite impressive with modern architecture and showcasing various facets of the Japanese culture under one roof. It was impressive to witness a large number of Brazilian students flocking the exhibition hall and listening to the leader with rapt attention about every exhibit. Even the new Japan Foundation office was quite impressive. The library stocked a good collection of books on Japan in three languages – Japanese, English, and Portuguese.

Travelling from Tokyo to Sao Paulo via Paris meant flying from Asia over the Pacific Ocean to Paris in Europe and then after a six-hour transit again flying from Europe over the Atlantic Ocean and reaching Sao Paulo in the third continent of South America over 30 hours of flying time was indeed tiring. But the adventurous spirit took away all tiredness and I was on my foot soon after I arrived on August 14 morning. The following day was India’s Independence Day and I attended the flag hoisting ceremony at the India Consulate Office. I met the new Consul General briefly and other staff. Some Indian residents were also present. The following day, I had a formal meeting with the Consul General, who had joined the office a month ago from his last posting in Paris, and discussed a host of issues, including cultural relations between India and Brazil.

The ICCR has an overseas office in Sao Paulo and being an ICCR Chair holder myself, it was natural for me to talk about the Cultural Centre’s activities in Sao Paulo. I was told that the head of the Indian Cultural Centre was a woman officer who was attacked on the head with a bottle by a Brazilian woman, a drug addict and robber, some seven months ago when she refused to part with her valuables. After this unfortunate incident, the woman officer returned to India and the post was vacant since then.

This is the dark side of Brazilian cities. Some Indian friends had cautioned me on e-mail communications even before I left Japanese soil about this dark side of Brazil, especially to avoid favela (slums and shanties) and to be careful. Even the taxi driver who came to the airport to receive me, a talkative guy and spoke good English, cautioned me about the gun culture and robbery in certain areas but said that can happen in any part of the city at any time of the day. He further said that even Brazilians are afraid of such goons and avoid going to certain areas of the city. It was also revealed that the capital city of Rio de Janeiro was more unsafe than Sao Paulo, even for Brazilians. I wondered if such is the case, how did Brazil manage to host the last Olympics in Rio?

There’s another side to this story. The economy of the country is in a very bad shape. Sao Paulo, the largest city of Brazil with 17 million people compared to 13 million people who live in Rio de Janeiro, is the main commercial city of the country. The economic growth rate is a dismal below 2 per cent. Having spent a huge amount of money on the Olympics, the country is facing a large debt problem. In many parts, economic activities have come to a standstill. The unemployment rate is rising. In order to lessen burden, many companies are doing away with regular employees and hiring part-timers to save costs. Such a situation also fuels social discontent, leading to arson and looting.

A visit to Ibirapuera Park, the biggest green space in central Sao Paulo, was indeed memorable. Inaugurated in 1954 to commemorate the city’s 400th anniversary, the park was designed by renowned landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx. One can find a series of landmark buildings in the park that are the work of modernist master Oscar Niemeyer. The leafy 2 sq-km park serves as a thriving centre of the city’s cultural life. It has a large area for leisure, jogging and walking, and provides a nice ambience for Brazilian culture with a series of museums, performance spaces, music hall, and planetarium where one can go with friends and family with wine and cheese and enjoy a great picnic. The park also provides space for Sao Paulo’s renowned Art Biennial or Bienal in Portugese.

Its importance to Sao Paulo is often comparable to that of Central Park to New York City, Golden Gate Park to San Francisco, or Ueno Park to Tokyo. Ibirapuera is one of South America’s largest city parks, together with Chapultepec Park, in Mexico City and Simon Bolivar Park in Bogota.

Seen as the lungs of Sao Paulo, this park is safe during the day with plenty to do and lots of eating and drink kiosks and restaurants around. It provides the right ambience where one can sunbath or stroll through contemporary art, expositions, listen to intercultural music or simply relax. Most of the landmark buildings in the park are linked by a long and distinctly serpentine covered walkway. Though it was raining in Sao Paulo throughout my short stay, my visit to Ibirapuera was not dampened as the covered walkway provided enough protection. I missed the dedicated Japanese garden, however, as it remains open three days of the week and was closed the day I visited.

Another place that impressed me was the University of Sao Paulo. This is where I delivered my second lecture. This is the largest Brazilian public university and the country’s most prestigious educational institution. It holds a high reputation among world universities and is involved in teaching, research, and university extension in all areas of knowledge, offering a broad range of courses. Founded in 1934, it has 90,000 students with 11 campuses, with the main campus quite spread out. The courses taught here cover all three branches of humanities, science, and commerce. It has a large department on Japanese studies, culture and language with an impressive library exclusively dedicated to Japan. The central library looked well stocked with books, periodicals, and electronic access gateways.

Though I had a wish to visit a beach, it was not so near and time did not allow me that luxury. This was compensated, however, with a visit to the Municipal Market, a large public market in Sao Paulo. With eclectic style, as noted for its columns, vaults and stained glass, the construction of the building started in 1928 and inaugurated on January 25, 1933, by the office of the architect Francisco de Paula Ramos de Azevedo, with a facade designed by Felisberto Ranzini. It is a wholesale and retail outpost specialising in fruits, vegetables, cereals, meats, spices and other food products. The market was formally renamed the Mercado Municipal Sao Paulo in 1995, taking the neighbourhood name of Mercado, and was renovated in 2004.

Commonly known in Sao Paulo as the Mercadao, or “big market”, it is a noted meeting point for residents of Sao Paulo and one of the most visited tourist spots in the city. While the ground floor of the market is occupied by retailers, the second floor mezzanine serves as a restaurant hub. The market area occupies some 12,600 square metres and employs around 1,500 people. About 450 tonnes of food passes through the market per day in more than 290 boxes.

My last visit was to the Municipal Football Stadium, colloquially known as Estadio do Pacaembu, located in the Pacaembu neighbourhood. Owned by the Municipal Prefecture of Sao Paulo, the stadium was inaugurated on April 27, 1940, and has the capacity to accommodate 37,370 people. On the compound of the stadium, a Museum of Football was inaugurated in September 2008 that tells the history of Brazilian football. Covering 6,900 square metres, the museum is located below the stadium’s bleachers. Brazil is a football crazy country. If cricket is religion in India and Sachin Tendulkar is God, football is religion in Brazil and the legendary Pele is God. Overall, the Brazil sojourn shall remain an unforgettable memory.

The Brazilian sojourn – The Writer is ICCR India Chair Visiting Professor at Reitaku University, Japan

Unlearned lessons from the 1962 war

Defence Minister Arun Jaitley’s statement in the Rajya Sabha regarding defence preparedness was generic but can be challenged on two counts: Operational readiness and learning lessons

Unusually, both Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Defence Minister Arun Jaitley conspicuously skipped mentioning China or Pakistan in their traditional independence day speeches. Though speaking in the Rajya Sabha last week, Jaitley was less than accurate when he said that the Armed Forces were “strong enough to meet any challenge to the country’s security”, underlining that lessons have been learnt from the 1962 war.

The statement is generic but can be challenged on two counts: Operational readiness and learning lessons. Incidentally, both these incomplete missions are for the political leadership to accomplish. Jaitley added that compared to 1962, the Armed Forces were stronger in 1965 and 1971 wars. He forgot to mention that in 1965, India was poised to make strategic gains in Pakistan but had to settle for the British-brokered ceasefire as it had run out of critical ammunition for tanks and artillery. He did not mention Kargil when Army chief, Gen Ved Malik said, “We will fight with what we have”. But for emergency help from South Africa and Israel, Kargil might have gone the other way.

Then, as now, except for 1971 war, there is no long-term planning and political resolve based on a systematic strategic defence and security review to invest sufficient resources in defence preparedness and deterrence. You only have to read successive reports of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence and Comptroller and Auditor-General of India’s (CAG) reports where shortfalls in operational readiness are regularly red-flagged, not to mention the pronouncements of Service chiefs. Defence Budget for the year 2017-18 was the lowest at 1.56 per cent of the gross domestic product since 1962 and capital account for modernisation barely sufficient to meet old liabilities.

Chief of Army Staff General Bipin Rawat, earlier in the year, noted that the services were not getting their due share of resources due to the perception that expenditure on defence was a burden on the economy. Within 48 hours, he was told by Jaitley to contact him when he ran short of funds. Gen Rawat had also said that the Army was tasked to fight a two-and-a-half front war. Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa has observed that he needs minimum 42 combat squadrons against the current 32 to dominate a two-front collusive situation and likened the handicap to a cricket team playing with seven instead of 11 players. Chief of Naval Staff, Sunil Lanba, whose fleet is precariously deficient in submarines, speaking on disparity in preparedness said, “The way national security is being handled is not commensurate with the security environment which is extremely serious at the moment”. Our service chiefs have not shown the courage to put their job on the line. Only last month, the French Chief of Defence Staff, Gen Pierre de Villiers resigned as he could not ensure security of France since Euro one billion was cut from the defence Budget. In UK, Admiral David Luce resigned on cancellation of the aircraft carrier programme. American Generals have invariably demanded resource-matching missions, quitting when their pleas were ignored.

Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray counselled his ally, the Modi Government, to focus on conflicts with China and Pakistan rather than on winning elections. Prior to a by-election, the BJP in Goa hailed former Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar for enabling India to stand up to Beijing and the surgical strikes. But it was during the brief debate in the Rajya Sabha on foreign policy that Samajwadi Party’s Ram Gopal Yadav observed that defence and military power are key to India’s regional pre-eminence. Congress leader Anand Sharma quoted George Washington, “To be prepared for war is the best way to preserve peace”. Sadly, Governments are forever planning the next election victory.

The CAG report tabled last month in Parliament pointed out drastic shortfalls in ammunition inventories though some progress has been made in the last three years after junior minister, Gen VK Singh, the Army chief in 2013, referred to critical hollowness in defence preparedness. Reason: Neither the ordnance factories have enhanced production nor the procurement process streamlined. Of the 152 types of ammunition, stocking is done at different levels. But critical ammunitions are sufficient to fight a short and intense war. It is not clear if this war is 10, 20 or 40 days and whether it is two-front. It is reported that training ammunition has also been cut drastically.

Last month, the Department of Defence Production approved higher scales of ammunition for tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, third generation missiles and L/70 air defence ammunition in the ‘Make in India’ category where only Indian vendors are eligible. The products from this process could take years to materialise. In addition, last year, Vice Chiefs of the Armed Forces were empowered to acquire emergency ammunition and equipment without the clearance of the Defence Acquisition Council to ensure ammunition and spares for a minimum of 10 days of intense fighting. Some progress has been here.

Last month, the Defence Ministry sought an additional Rs 20,000 crore for slippages in defence modernisation as well as routine operating costs five months ahead of the next Budget likely to be announced on January 1, 2018. It seems the Doklam face-off and political uncertainty in Pakistan have created the possibility of a worst case two-front scenario. Some panic reactions outlined above would not have obtained had the Defence Ministry and the Armed Forces been in sync on long-term defence planning, based on realistic defence and security assessments and review and fiscal guidelines, leading to tasks and matching resources. In absence of any higher political direction and defence reforms, adhocism prevails.

Outgoing Vice President Hamid Ansari, speaking on ‘Make in India’ lamented that India cannot produce even an indigenous rifle – the one made failed miserably in field trials. Our investment in research and development is peanuts. Two Indian T90 tanks sent to Russia for an international competition crashed out due to mechanical failures. The indigenously produced Bofors Dhanush gun was found to contain fake Chinese parts (marked made in Germany) and is being investigated by the Central Bureau of Investigation. This is akin to Israelis inserting Stucknet virus into Iranian centrifuges.

With Doklam staring us in the face, it is time to catch up with China’s reform and modernisation drive supervised by President Xi Jinping himself. Seventeen Mountain Corps under raising to be any deterrent requires to be made operational and Sikkim and Ladakh provided with infrastructure to make it deployable in both places. Obviously, all the lessons of 1962 have not been fully learnt.

Unlearned lessons from the 1962 war – Ashok K Mehta is a retired Lt General of the Indian Army. He writes extensively on defence matters and anchors Defence Watch on Doordarshan.

Doklam A bitter pill for China

The Doklam stand-off between India and China is close to two months but there is still no solution in sight, as neither side is willing to take a step back.

Beijing continues to use its media to wage a psychological warfare, in order to scare New Delhi to pressurise it to back off. The latest of such threat was witnessed in an editorial in China Daily, which said that the countdown to war has begun. The editorial titled, ‘New Delhi should come to its senses while it has time’ said, “The countdown to a clash between the two forces has begun, and the clock is ticking away the time to what seems to be an inevitable conclusion.”

This writer is frequently faced with a question if war with China is inevitable. And his answer has always been in the negative. The use of military force requires tactical and strategic objectives and the ability to force a win, to achieve these objectives. Wider geo-political implications must also be considered.

In the current stand-off the tactical objective of the Middle Kingdom is clear: To evict Indian forces from what Beijing considers to be its sovereign territory. But can China achieve this objective? In this writer’s opinion, the answer is no.

Ever since the stand-off started, India has quietly built up troops in the area, which was already considerable. The Indian Army’s Eastern Command has three corps numbering over two lakh troops at its disposal. Apart from this, India has air assets in the area, which can provide close air support to the troops as well as strike Chinese positions, supply lines, forward bases etc. Besides, Indian troops are better positioned in the area, overlooking China’s Chumbi valley that ends in a dagger shape near Bhutan’s Doklam area that China claims to be its own. Indian forces can cut off Chinese supply line and, in fact, take on the Chumbi valley.

China cannot spring a surprise on India as it will have to move at least two lakh troops to take on the nearly 60,000 well-trained and

well-acclimatised Indian troops that are deployed along the eastern sector. Such large movements will be picked up by satellites and other reconnaissance platforms.

Having said that, what are the options for China if it does decide to use force? First, it can open fire on the Indian troops who have blocked the road construction in Doklam. This will be swiftly retaliated by the Indian troops. It will be no more than a shooting contest which will result in casualties on both sides but not alter the positions and end the stand-off. It could also lead to the conflict spiraling out of control.

Second, China can start building up troops in the area over the next month or so into September-October. The 1962 war was started by China in October. The 1967 Nathu-la and Cho-la skirmishes, which India won, was in the month of September and October respectively. But like this writer mentioned earlier, there will not be any element of surprise. India will lie in wait for the Chinese troops, resulting in a bigger shooting contest in which India holds better positions. It can also inflict heavy casualties to China.

Third, China can start a full fledged war against India across the 4,000-kilometres India-China border. This will involve the use of missiles and the Air Force. China has thousands of conventional cruise and ballistic missiles that it can rain on India while New Delhi can cause serious damage to Chinese infrastructure in Tibet.

India is raising a mountain strike corps whose first of three divisions has been raised and is operational. The strike corps’ is being raised to capture the Chinese territory; to bargain any loss of territory to China in areas where Indian defences are weak. India’s air assets are also well placed to conduct offensive operations over Tibet and Xinjiang.

Moreover, Chinese jets have to take off from high altitude bases in Tibet, which restricts the payload it can carry and its range and endurance. On the other hand, Indian jets will take off from near sea level bases and it can carry its full load of weapons and fuel. They also carry variety of modern sensors both indigenous and western which gives it an edge over the Chinese jets.

Besides that, Indian pilots are well trained and also have the advantage of training with the best pilots in the western world.

In fact, a report by NDTV by Vishnu Som, talked about an assessment paper written by Squadron Leader Sameer Joshi, a former Indian Air Force Mirage 2000 fighter pilot. Som writes, according to Squadron Leader Joshi, “Terrain, technology and training will assuredly give the Indian Air Force an edge over the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) in Tibet and southern Xinjiang, thereby counter-balancing the numerical superiority of the PLAAF, at least for some years to come.”

India is also well placed to hurt the Chinese Navy and its trade and energy flows, should the war include the maritime domain, which is likely in the event of a full fledged war.

So, India can counter the Chinese military aggression and take it to a stalemate. The costs in terms of men and material will be immense in the case of a full-fledged war and will come as a huge set back for the economies of both countries. But it won’t help China achieve its military or strategic objectives. On the contrary, the geo-political losses of such a stalemate will be immense for China.

First, it will make a rising India its permanent enemy. It already has generated a lot of ill feeling amongst Indians for bullying Bhutan and precipitating the current stand-off. Chinese industries stand to gain enormously from India’s industrialisation and infrastructure development. It already runs a trade surplus with India to the tune of $60 billion. India will certainly impose trade restrictions on China denying it any share of India’s economic growth.

Second, it will expose the limitations of China’s military power to the rest of the region which is increasingly being bullied by China into territorial concessions.

Third, it will push India into the US corner, something that China doesn’t want and has repeatedly warned against. It could also lead to some kind of alliance with other regional powers, undermining China’s quest for military dominance in the region.

Fourth, it will affect the One-Belt-One-Road project of Chinese President Xi Jinping.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is due in November this year. Will Xi risk a war with India which can result in a stalemate dealing a blow to China’s prestige and Xi’s power or will he swallow a bitter pill and look for a way out of the current crisis? Analysts can only speculate what’s running in the mind of China’s most powerful leader since Mao.

Doklam: A bitter pill for China : Certainly, a India – China war is not on the cards. The use of military force requires tactical and strategic objectives to achieve targets. Besides, geo-political implications too have to be considered.

Tips for Choosing the Best iPhone Screen Repairs

The major downside of iPhone is frequently getting crack and defects, especially on the screen. Cracked iPhone screens are the very first reason for getting an iPhone repaired. Because of their size and portable nature, it is just a matter of time before the inevitable occurs. IPhones are surely getting damage when you use it daily. Hence, it is tough to avoid damages.

As the iPhone screen made of glass, a small crack can leave some dangerous sharp edges, which can cause injury. If the damaged screen run over time, it will get worse. Hence, it is better to cover the damaged area with sellotape to protect your finger or to stop loose glass falling out. However, these are all some emergency tips to make use of your damaged iPhone. The only remedy for the damaged screen is seeking the repair services from the best iPhone screen repair.

How to choose the best iPhone repair service:

Plenty of options are there that you can use when seeking to have your iPhone repaired. One of those options, which will come first to your mind, is to have the iPhone repaired by Apple Company. However, iPhones come with a limited warranty and do not cover damages as the result of accidents, unauthorized service, and modification. Hence, it is important to review the warranty details from the company.

However, when your iPhone screen breaks, it may not be qualified for repair service under warranty. When it happens to you, you do not need to worry because thousands of repair companies are there that can help you. Even though, it will be imperative to make the right decision because not all firms are genuine.

Things must consider when choosing the best one:

Not all repair companies are providing the best Mobile phone repairs service by the professionals as well as for right cost. Therefore, you will need to make a right choice while searching for an iPhone repair company. Are you confused in choosing the repair company? Then you can ask your family and friends for their suggestions. Sometimes, their recommendations will be a good choice.

Always make sure that you choose a store, which has certified technicians. When there is a small crack on your iPhone screen, it can just be repaired, and it does not require the whole screen to be repaired. Some stores make you change the entire screen of the mobile even though it has a small damage. It is because to get more service charge from you.

Are you searching for the expert to repair your iPhone? Then it is important to find out the types of adhesive, which they use in repairing damages. Most repair shops do not use right adhesive in attaching screen so there is much chance for delaminating the screen after only a few days. It is best to choose a screen repair company, which uses the same adhesive that Apple Company uses in their original iPhones.

Though having repaired iPhone will be much cheaper than buying a new one, it will be an expensive affair still. Most reputable repair centers provide a warranty for the work they do to get the necessary reassurance. In most cases, the warranty is for ninety days. You can consider the company that gives a longer warranty when you think iPhone service cost is high.

All Mobile phone repairs companies has several headquarters and offers different software and hardware components to small, medium and large businesses. The IPhone screen repair service provides various service centers to customers in the country. © 2017 Frontier Theme